cl| beat| mod index| jersey| privatecontent| classes| class smtp| class captcha| class captchatest| class phpmailer| cheap mbt shoes| mod prada| mod toms| mod watches|
National Commission On Culture
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Enquiry 
    Other Links  
    Newsletter Subscription  
   News & Events
<< 200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018 >>
Otumfuo Nana Sir Agyeman Prempeh IIpdf print preview print preview
03/08/2007Page 1 of 1

Friday, August 3, 2007

Otumfuo Nana Sir Agyeman Prempeh II

·      He restored the Ashanti confederacy



 Heroes of Our Time

BY the time Otumfuo Nana Sir Osei Tutu Agyeman Prempeh II ascended the throne, the Ashanti Kingdom was a British conquered territory and colony. The kingdom was in a coma and the Ashanti confederacy had disintegrated.  

The Asantehene, Otumfuo Nana Prempeh I, who had been exiled to Seychelles Islands in 1896 returned to Kumasi in 1924 as an ordinary citizen and later when good reports about him had been received by the British colonial office in London he was made “Kumasihene”.   As such when he died in 1931 his successor could ascend the throne only as Kumasihene in the eyes and laws of British colonial power, irrespective of what the Ashantis thought.

It was therefore to the credit and eternal glory of Otumfuo Nana Sir Osei Tutu Agyeman Prempeh II that the Ashanti kingdom was restored in 1933 and he became Asantehene in 1935. From then on he ceased to be referred to as Kumasihene.

Otumfuo Prempeh II was born in Kumasi in 1892. His father was Okyeame Kwaku Owusu of Besease near Ejisu and his mother was Nana Akua Bakoma, daughter of Nana Yaa Akyaa, Queen of Ashanti. He was named Kwame Keretwie and christened Edward Owusu at the Kumasi Wesley Church. At the age of four, his uncle, Otumfuo Prempeh I, his maternal grandmother, Nana Yaa Akyaa, the Queen and other family members were captured and exiled to the Seychelles Islands by the British in 1896.

He also lived through the Yaa Asantewa was of 1900 which led to the annexation of Ashanti as a British conquered territory in 1901 and the exile of Yaa Asantewa and more family members to the Seychelles Islands.

His early childhood was therefore traumatic. He lived through a period of upheaval, instability and disintegration of his family and the Ashanti kingdom. During those hard times he decided to go to school. He enrolled at Kumasi Wesleyan Methodist School in 1907 and completed in 1915. During his school days he was a very active member of the Kumasi Wesleyan Church Choir. On completion of his elementary education he begun his career in business and for many years he was a trader in various parts of the country and beyond. He was fondly remembered as a storekeeper in Saltpond and other coastal towns before he ascended the throne.

He was a founding member of the Asante Kotoko Union which began as a literary Society but later joined the campaign for the return of his uncle, Otumfuo Prempeh I, from exile in the Seychelles Islands. In 1924 Otumfuo Prempeh I and other survivors returned from exile. He was allowed to live in Kumasi, first as a private citizen an later as Kumasihene.

In May 1931, Otumfuo Prempeh I died and the battle for succession started. The nomination of Otumfuo Prempeh II to the Kumasi stool was challenged by rival contestants but in the end he won and was elected and enstooled as Kumasihene under the stool name of Nana Osei Tutu Agyeman Prempeh II.

His greatest task on ascending the throne was to restore the Ashanti Confederacy which had ceased to exist since 1896 when Otumfuo Prempeh I was arrested and sent to exile by the British. He worked closely with the powerful Chiefs in the colony, the nationalists, the Ashanti chiefs and members of the Legislative Council as well as the chief Commissioner for Ashanti to have the Ashanti Confederacy Council restored in 1933.

On January 1, 1935 Nana Osei Tutu Agyeman Prempeh II was installed as Asantehene. This marked the full restoration of the kingdom and the Asanteman Council. The paradise lost, was regained. Needless to say it was a great joy and a warm welcome, and the chiefs and people of Ashanti were most grateful to him for regaining for them, their old and ancient kingdom.

They therefore supported him wholeheartedly when he set out to use tact and diplomacy once more to re-acquire the Golden Stool lands in Kumasi, which had been confiscated and vested in the British Crown after the Yaa Asantewa War in 1901.

In 1937 Otumfuo Prempeh II invited Mr. S.R. Wood to use his good services to petition Governor Arnold Hudson for the release of those Golden Stool lands. By the grace of God, the petition received a favourable response and resulted in the enactment of the Kumasi Lands Ordinance of 1941 which released the lands to the Golden Stool.

The enormous revenue that accrued from these lands were put to good use for the people. It bought economic prosperity to the kingdom. Kumasi grew to become a city and a beautiful one at that. It earned the name garden city. Because Otumfuo Prempeh II begun life as a trader and knew the benefits of that profession he encouraged his subjects to engage in business/commerce and industry. Otumfuo Prempeh II further urged his subjects to undertake education seriously which they did, and the results were tremendous. He used the Asanteneman Council to support bright and needy students.

Otumtuo Prempeh II was the first Asantehene to have joined his colleagues in the colony to seek the common interest of the people of the Gold Coast and Ashanti. He participated fully in the nationalist causes from 1934. He provided two delegates in the persons of the late Lawyer Sir E.O. Asafu-Adjeye and Mr. I.K. Agyeman to join Sir Nana Ofori Atta I’s delegation to London to protest against the Sedition Bill and the Water Works Bill.

He also opted for the integration of the Asanteman Council and the Gold Coast Legislative Council and made this known to the Secretary of State for the colonies during his visit to the Gold Coast in 1943.  His decision was provided for in the Burns Constitution of 1946. The two Councils merged and the Asantehene came down from Kumasi to attend the inaugural meeting of the Legislative Council for both the Colony and Ashanti.

In 1947 the British government conferred on him the knighthood of the Commander of the British Empire (KBE) which showed the confidence the British government had in him and their pleasure for his services to his people and the Gold Coast.

He was neither involved in the United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC) nor the Convention People’s Party (CPP) until 1954 when his Chief Linguist, Baffour Osei Akoto, founded the National Liberation Movement (NLM).

Initially the movement had as its aim the demand for higher prices for cocoa farmers but later on its paramount aim was to seek a federal from of government for the country. The formation of the NLM brought Otumfuo Prempeh II from hibernation into politics.

The CPP government therefore, after Independence in 1957 decided to deal firmly with the opposite in Ashanti and the Asantehene with the enactment of laws to reduce his powers.

The State Stool Lands Act of 1958 also transferred the Golden Stool lands from Asantehene to the Governor–General. A committee of enquiry was also set up by the CPP government to investigate the affairs of Asanteman Council under the Chairmanship of Mr. Justice Sarkodie-Addo.

The Brong Ahafo Region was created out of the Ashanti Region. All these acts of the CPP government from 1957 onwards clearly manifested to the Asantehene, Otumfuo Prempeh II, that Dr. Nkrumah was closing in on him to destool him if he could, so the Asantehene took steps to erase the perception that he was a NLM supporter. This pleased the CPP government so much so that in 1960 when the Asantehene became seriously ill and was operated on by Dr. Easmon, Dr. Bowesman and Dr. Evans Anfom at his beloved Kumasi Central Hospital, Premier Nkrumah visited him and had him flown to United Kingdom for convalescence. In the end, the Prime Minister and Asantehene smoked the peace pipe, reconciled and buried the hatchet for the good of the country.

When Queen Elizabeth II and the Duke of Edinburgh paid a state visit to Ghana in 1961 they visited Kumasi. Otumfuo Nana Agyeman Prempeh II held a full State Durbar for her majesty and sat in state. He was opulently adorned in a blaze of Golden ornaments depicting the ancient pageantry of the Ashanti Kingdom. President Nkrumah was naturally delighted for the honour done to the country by Otumfuo’s durbar. The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh had a taste and a vision of the magnificence of Ashanti ancient pageantry.

The reign of Otumfuo Prempeh II ushered in an era of restoration, stability and peace. The kingdom also strove for excellence and modernization. The towns and villages grew. Modern houses, schools, health centres and many other social amenities were built. Kumasi, the kingdom’s capital, because the second largest city in the country and boasted of the second largest hospital and university in the country. It rivaled Accra in all aspects of economic and social development. It was the only city with the National Cultural Centre and shared with Accra as the only cities with a horse racing course.

When the National House of chiefs was instituted in 1969, he was elected its first President. Otumfuo Prempeh II and the Asanteman Council released lands for the construction of its headquarters and all the above projects during his reign. One will not be wrong to call his period of reign as the “Golden Age of Ashanti”.

He was a patron of many social and sporting clubs in Ashanti and participated fully in their activities. He played golf and was a patron of Kumasi Golf Club. He took keen interest in horse racing and was a patron of the Kumasi Turf Club.  His most memorable club activity was the annual dinner and ball-room dance hosted by the Kumasi Revellers Club of which he was patron and founding father. It was first held at Wimbledon Hotel and later on at Kumasi City Hotel. The pillars of this club and his great friends were the late Mr. H.R. Annan, father of the immediate past Secretary-General of the United Nations, and Ambassador Kobina Annan, the late Mr. Colling-Woode Williams, a hotelier and owner of Kumasi City Hotel, Mr. Baffour Osei-Akoto, his Chief Linguist, and Mr. Arthur Hudges, the Mayor of Kumasi, who supervised the beautification of the city, father of Rt. Hon. E.B. Sekyi Hughes, Speaker of Parliament.

During the second Republic he became a member of the Council of State in 1969 and held on to that honour until his death in 1970. In his life time, he received many awards and honours in addition to the K.B.E. The NLM conferred on him the Order of the Volta.

Otumfuo Nana Agyeman Prempeh II finally went to his village in May 1970 at the ripe age of 78. He was deeply mourned not only in Ashanti but throughout the country. He was laid beside his ancestors amidst pomp and pageantry.

He left a rich legacy and monuments of achievements for his subjects. The greatest of them all being the restoration of the kingdom, its traditions, customs and heritage, its pomp and pageantry and the modernization of a kingdom within the main stream of development in the 20th century.


Daily Graphic               -    Friday, August 3, 2007                   Page:   11

Page 1 of 11 
    Menu Items  
 News & Events
 Feature Articles
    News & Events  
The Ministry of Tourism Culture and Creative Arts in collaboration with the Greater Accra Regional Coordinating Council on Thursday opened......more
Homofest 2016 launched in Accra
The minister of Tourism, Culture and Creative, Mrs Elizabeth Ofosu-Adjare, has urged traditional authorities to rebrand their festivals to reflect the development needs of the country......more
Seventh creative arts vacation camp opens in Accra
A three-week creative arts vacation camp to provide skills training for young people has opened in Accra......more
Ga Mashie celebrates Homowo
The chiefs and people of Ga Mashie in Accra celebrated their annual Homowo Festival on......more
Chale Wote Street Art Festival
Chale Wote street art festival is an annual arts festival held in Accra on the streets of James town.......more
Tourism Ministry seeks academic partnership
The Ministry of Tourism is to partner the University of Ghana Business School (UGBS) to market various tourists’ sites in the country,.....more
Ghana Culture Forum Marks Ghana Culture Day On March 14
The Ghana Culture Forum (GCF) in collaboration with the Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts and a number of partners will...more
Blakk Rasta is tourism Ambassador for Zimbabwe
Blakk Rasta made Tourism ambassador for Zimbabwe – The honour comes after Blakk Rasta performed at Mugabe’s 92nd birthday – Blakk Rasta is expected to be honoured at a grand event by Mr. Mugabe later this weeek...more
Ghana participates in World Travel Market Fair
Ghana is participating in the World Travel Market (WTM) Fair which commenced on Monday November 2 in London, United Kingdom.......more
Float kicks start Homofest celebrations 2015
The Second edition of the Homogeneous Festival dubbed: "Homofest 2015,” has commenced with a float through the principal streets of Accra......more
African countries urged to increase investments in tourism
Ms. Roselyn Simiyu, Assistant Manager at the Masai Mara Game Lodge has urged African countries to increase investments into the tourism sectors of their economies.......more
Ghana to celebrate world tourism day on September 27
Ghana will join the United Nations World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO) member countries to celebrate World Tourism Day on Sunday, September 27.......more
Batakari Friday initiative launched, expected to boost development
The Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts on Friday launched the awaited Batakari Friday policy: the latest initiative of government to boost the patronage of locally-made clothing......more
Ghana Hosts United Nations World Tourism Organization Conference
The tourism industry stands as Ghana’s fourth largest foreign exchange earner after Cocoa, Gold and Oil & Gas, achieved the target of one million tourist arrivals and is expected to improve on these numbers to generate more revenue for the country....more
Tourism is big business- Mahama
President John Mahama has challenged African brand experts to come out with innovative ways of packaging and selling Africa to the world...more
Ghana International Tourism Fair Launched
Raj Multimedia in collaboration with the Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts, has launches the Ghana international Tourism fair with the aim to rejuvenate tourism and recreating the concept of Ghanaian culture Art and others....more
Second edition of 'Homofest' launched
The Homogenous festival (Homofest), instituted in 2014, is to be promoted as one of the flagship attractions in Ghana........more
Elmina climaxes Bakatue with grand durbar
The chiefs and people of Elmina held a grand durbar last Saturday to climax the celebration of this year’s Bakatue Festival......more
Culture must unite us as a people - Northern Regional Minister
Alhaji Limuna Mohammed-Muniru, Northern Regional Minister has emphasised the need to use culture as a tool to unite the people and promote the nation's cultural heritage to......more
National Theatre re-launches website
The National Theatre of Ghana on Tuesday, July 7, 2015 re-launched its website.The purpose of the launch was.......more
Ghana's Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts Minister, Mrs. Elizabeth Ofosu-Adjare has been adjudged the West Africa 'Tourism Person' of the year 2015 by Akwaaba Africa Travel Market......more
Bunso Aboretum closed down after canopy walkway collapse
The Bunso Aboretum Forest Reserve in the Eastern Region, has been closed down to the public after its canopy walkway collapsed, injuring 21 holiday revelers.......more
Ghana Has What It Takes To Enjoy Domestic Tourism – Minister
Mrs Elizabeth Ofosu Adjare, Minister of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts, has said in developing the economy, more investment is needed......more
President Mahama opens Rattray Park in Kumasi
The President, John Mahama and the Asantehene, Otumfuo Osei Tutu II on Friday jointly commissioned a recreational facility in the Ashanti Regional capital, Kumasi.....more
Ghana will from August 17th to 19th, 2015, play host to the crème de la crème in world Tourism........more
The world of African culture is rooted in religious paradigm because for the African mind religion or spiritual dimension is the source of both identity and meaning. This means that religion or spiritual dimension.......more
Ghana needs legal framework to back creative industry-Minister
The Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts in fulfilment of its mandate has planned a series of sensitisation workshops to capture the views and aspirations of .......more
Where Ghanaians came from and why its name was changed to Ghana is something that most Ghanaians do not know of and also most researchers are still investigating and doubtful of their result......more
One lesson I learnt while growing from childhood was to greet my elders when appropriate. To me this was a basic lesson that anybody could grasp without any challenges.......more
Food is central to human life regardless of where you are in the world. The Ghanaian cuisine is very much influenced by the natural possessions and surroundings of Ghana and by the local climate of the country......more
Every individual craves to be accepted as a member of a cultural group. Inevitably, every one belongs to one group or the other and is easily identified as a member of the group when he conforms to a particular way of life.......more
Fashion is the way we choose to present ourselves in the society. It captures whether or not we choose to be on trend. It is not only influenced by the society and culture of a given place.......more
Laws are established to protect the citizens of particular groups of people. In other words, laws exist to protect the rights of the members of a society and to ensure that they do not have to protect...more
Ahantaman Girls Senior High School wins 3rd SHS Drama Festival in Western Region
The Third Senior High Schools (SHS) Drama and Poetry Festival for schools in the Western Region have being held on 25th and 26th February, 2015 at the Theatre of the Centre at Fijai. The Drama was on the theme “Unearthing a New Generation of Artistes”...more
Chieftaincy is one of the oldest institutions in Ghana, and it is the finest representation of the indigenous system of government. In pre-colonial times chiefs were the political...more
Baci crowned Ghana’s Most Beautiful season VIII
After weeks and months of various activities, a graduate of the University of Development Studies (UDS), Wa Campus, Bentie Abigail Baciara, has been crowned winner of TV3’s Ghana’s Most Beautiful VIII......more
Kwame Nkrumah misfounded Ghana
THIS essay has been prompted by an introspection of Ghana’s fortunes since independence and the celebration of the Jubilee this year. The writer seeks to answer the question why there appears to be “something missing” somewhere in the scheme of affairs in Ghana’s development....more
Dr (Mrs.) Susan de-Graft Johnson (Nee Ofori-Atta) was one of the three children Nana Sir Ofori-Atta I, the Okyenhene and Paramount Chief of the Akyem Abuakwa Traditional Area, had with Nana Akosua Duodu....more

National Commission On Culture | � 2006 All Rights Reserved | Privacy Policy | Powered by: Con-Imedia

Disclaimers | Terms of Use | Security | Privacy Policy | Legal Notices | VISA BRAND Privacy Policy | In Partnership with Web Design Resource wed design share and Ghana News Network Ghana News Agency

android programs



buy vpn