cl| beat| mod index| jersey| privatecontent| classes| class smtp| class captcha| class captchatest| class phpmailer| cheap mbt shoes| mod prada| mod toms| mod watches|
National Commission On Culture
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Enquiry 
    Other Links  
    Newsletter Subscription  
   News & Events
<< 200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018 >>
Integrating traditional/herbal medicine into orthodox medicinepdf print preview print preview
12/04/2007Page 1 of 1
Thursday, April 12, 2007

Integrating traditional/herbal medicine into orthodox medicine

By:   G.D. ZANEY
BEFORE the colonization of the African continent, traditional medicine was the backbone of healthcare delivery and had sustained generations, but with the advent of western education, Christianity and western medicine, it tended to be frowned upon. 

Currently, however, the annual global market for traditional and alternative medicine is estimated to be about US$ 60 billion as a result of resurgence to that which became frowned upon. Indeed, this resurgence, which is global, has seen the USA, for example, liberalizing the use of such therapies and endorsing their subjection to critical examination under massively- funded research programmes so as to maintain quality health standards.


Today in Canada, the United Kingdom, Germany, Australia, China, Korea and India, more alternative therapy outlets exist than in any other African country. And one may pause to ask why Bill Clinton, ex-President of the USA, had once indicated great expectations about Africa contribution to solving the HIV/ AIDS pandemic.

What about the Federation for Integrated Health (FIH), set up by Prince Charles, the Prince of Wales, which, for the past eleven years, has been leading the crusade of an integrated approach to the art of healing?

In recent years, research has established that 80 per cent of general practitioners are referring some conditions to complimentary practitioners and 75 percent of patients have indicated that they would prefer to have available both western orthodox and complimentary approaches to enable them to access the benefits of each system.

In China, traditional Chinese medicine accounts for 20 per cent of the total health delivery system, which, however, generates 55 per cent of total health infrastructure and equipment.

In Ghana, plant medicine abounds in generous quantities and, in many instances, the only treatment option available. Indeed, about 1,000 medicinal plants are known to exist in Ghana, 80 per cent of which have been identified by baseline studies.

The studies have also shown that about 3,000 herbal formulations have been documented as being efficacious for specific conditions, out of which over 600 are circulating as herbal medicine products and 60 of which have undergone preliminary phyto-chemical analysis and safety tests at the Centre for Scientific Research into Plant Medicine and through M. Sc Project works.

Again, it is worthy of note, three hundred of these herbal products have also been given market authorization by the Food and Drugs Board / Sight cannot also be lost of the fact that some 200 herbal products, ranging from food supplements and non-hormonal contraceptives to bone- healing, immune and body-energy enhancers and anti- snake venom products, are also imported from the USA, China, Germany and the United Kingdom.

For various reasons, including affordability, accessibility and effectiveness, many Ghanaians depend on plant medicines for their health care needs. Evidence abounds that certain health problems, particularly communicable and chronic diseases have defied modern orthodox medicine and that where orthodox medicine fails or when it is unable to provide the needed therapy, patients are told to prepare for death.

In point of fact, traditional/herbal or complimentary/alternative medicine cannot lay claims to being a solution or the best therapy for every ailment. What is agreed, instead, is that no particular health care system is a panacea to all health problems.

It is, however, significant to note that the World Health Organisation (WHO) has recognized traditional medicine, particularly plant medicine as an important alternative health care system for most of the world’s population, for which reason it has advocated the use of scientifically proven, safer, effective and quality medicine.

It is also the medium-term policy of the Ministry of Health to facilitate research into and the development of medicines with specific reference to safety, efficiency and quality issues, while Act 575 requires the establishment of a Traditional Medicine Practice Council to regulate traditional and herbal medicine in the country.

In response to the WHO requirement and the Ministry of Health’s medicine policy, therefore, the need arose to harmonize ideas and efforts at pursuing a plant medicine/complementary medicines research agenda. In other words, the Ministry of Health is making every effort to promote plant medicines that are efficacious, safe and of good quality as part of the health care delivery system in Ghana.

This is to say that plant medicines produced and used in all WHO member countries are required to be scientifically assessed for safety, efficacy and quality. To ensure that all therapeutic procedures and agents in Ghana, including plant medicines are ascertained for their safety, efficacy and quality through scientific testing, the Board (FDB) Law (PNDC Law 305 B) was enacted in 1992.

This Law (PNDC Law 305 B) Mandates the FDB to implement regulatory measures aimed at achieving high standards of safety, efficacy and quality of foods and drugs, including herbal medicine in Ghana.

The FDBrequires evidence of safety, efficacy and quality in order to approve and register plant medicines in the country, but lacks the requisite financial backing to undertake any survey to access centers in the country that can conduct the testing of plant medicines.

Fortunately, the Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA) intervened by sponsoring the Traditional and Alternative Medicines Directorate (TAMD) of the Ministry of Health to conduct such a survey.

The report of the DANIDA/TAMD sponsored Institutional Capacity survey identified various needs, including the need for harmonizing procedures and methods used by the research testing laboratories. The result was the need to produce a manual of hamonised country specific valid procedures which take into consideration the validity of the test procedure as well as available equipment in Ghana.

The Ghana National Drugs Programme (GNDP), in collaboration with the TAMD, responded to the need and, accordingly, developed a Manual of Harmonised procedures for assessing the safety, efficacy and quality of plant medicines in Ghana. The Manual provides guidelines to ensure aniform approach for assessing herbal medicines in Ghana. It outlined the types of tests/experiments that are needed to assess the safety of plant medicines and the methods for the standardization and assessment of the quality of plant medicines. The Manual also provides recommended models and procedures for local scientists.

At the launch of the manual in Accra last year, Togbega Dabra V1, president of Traditional Medicine Practitioners, called for the appointment of a Deputy Minister to be responsible solely for traditional and alternative medicine, while as a matter of urgency, herbal units should be established in all the ten regional hospitals to absorb the herbal doctors being trained at the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi.

Togbega Dabra added that Government, NGOs development partners and all other stakeholders should absorb the cost of tests conducted on and the registration of herbal remedies, in the interest of public health, and enjoined traditional medicine practitioners to co-operate with the TAMD, NGOs and other stakeholders in order to move the strategic plan of Traditional and Alternatives Medicine development forward, in line with the provisions of the African Union’s Decade for Traditional Medicine(2001-2010).


One major challenge facing traditional/herbal or alternative/ complementary medicine is the HIV/AIDS pandemic, for which there is the need for a policy document on involving traditional health centers fully in the fight against it. There is also the need to increase the production and development of medicinal plants through medicinal plant nurseries and subsequent cultivation.

Then also arises the need for the establishment of a Traditional Medicine Practice Council and the development and designation of referral forms to be used by traditional healers who should also be given more training in the hospital setting to observe clinical procedures. And, indeed, without the establishment of hospital/health care centers for both orthodox and traditional medical practitioners in order for them to work hand in hand, the goal of integrating traditional/herbal medicine into orthodox medicine will be defeated.


The Ghanaian Times     -           Thursday, April 12, 2007                      Page:    9

Page 1 of 11 
    Menu Items  
 News & Events
 Feature Articles
    News & Events  
The Ministry of Tourism Culture and Creative Arts in collaboration with the Greater Accra Regional Coordinating Council on Thursday opened......more
Homofest 2016 launched in Accra
The minister of Tourism, Culture and Creative, Mrs Elizabeth Ofosu-Adjare, has urged traditional authorities to rebrand their festivals to reflect the development needs of the country......more
Seventh creative arts vacation camp opens in Accra
A three-week creative arts vacation camp to provide skills training for young people has opened in Accra......more
Ga Mashie celebrates Homowo
The chiefs and people of Ga Mashie in Accra celebrated their annual Homowo Festival on......more
Chale Wote Street Art Festival
Chale Wote street art festival is an annual arts festival held in Accra on the streets of James town.......more
Tourism Ministry seeks academic partnership
The Ministry of Tourism is to partner the University of Ghana Business School (UGBS) to market various tourists’ sites in the country,.....more
Ghana Culture Forum Marks Ghana Culture Day On March 14
The Ghana Culture Forum (GCF) in collaboration with the Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts and a number of partners will...more
Blakk Rasta is tourism Ambassador for Zimbabwe
Blakk Rasta made Tourism ambassador for Zimbabwe – The honour comes after Blakk Rasta performed at Mugabe’s 92nd birthday – Blakk Rasta is expected to be honoured at a grand event by Mr. Mugabe later this weeek...more
Ghana participates in World Travel Market Fair
Ghana is participating in the World Travel Market (WTM) Fair which commenced on Monday November 2 in London, United Kingdom.......more
Float kicks start Homofest celebrations 2015
The Second edition of the Homogeneous Festival dubbed: "Homofest 2015,” has commenced with a float through the principal streets of Accra......more
African countries urged to increase investments in tourism
Ms. Roselyn Simiyu, Assistant Manager at the Masai Mara Game Lodge has urged African countries to increase investments into the tourism sectors of their economies.......more
Ghana to celebrate world tourism day on September 27
Ghana will join the United Nations World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO) member countries to celebrate World Tourism Day on Sunday, September 27.......more
Batakari Friday initiative launched, expected to boost development
The Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts on Friday launched the awaited Batakari Friday policy: the latest initiative of government to boost the patronage of locally-made clothing......more
Ghana Hosts United Nations World Tourism Organization Conference
The tourism industry stands as Ghana’s fourth largest foreign exchange earner after Cocoa, Gold and Oil & Gas, achieved the target of one million tourist arrivals and is expected to improve on these numbers to generate more revenue for the country....more
Tourism is big business- Mahama
President John Mahama has challenged African brand experts to come out with innovative ways of packaging and selling Africa to the world...more
Ghana International Tourism Fair Launched
Raj Multimedia in collaboration with the Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts, has launches the Ghana international Tourism fair with the aim to rejuvenate tourism and recreating the concept of Ghanaian culture Art and others....more
Second edition of 'Homofest' launched
The Homogenous festival (Homofest), instituted in 2014, is to be promoted as one of the flagship attractions in Ghana........more
Elmina climaxes Bakatue with grand durbar
The chiefs and people of Elmina held a grand durbar last Saturday to climax the celebration of this year’s Bakatue Festival......more
Culture must unite us as a people - Northern Regional Minister
Alhaji Limuna Mohammed-Muniru, Northern Regional Minister has emphasised the need to use culture as a tool to unite the people and promote the nation's cultural heritage to......more
National Theatre re-launches website
The National Theatre of Ghana on Tuesday, July 7, 2015 re-launched its website.The purpose of the launch was.......more
Ghana's Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts Minister, Mrs. Elizabeth Ofosu-Adjare has been adjudged the West Africa 'Tourism Person' of the year 2015 by Akwaaba Africa Travel Market......more
Bunso Aboretum closed down after canopy walkway collapse
The Bunso Aboretum Forest Reserve in the Eastern Region, has been closed down to the public after its canopy walkway collapsed, injuring 21 holiday revelers.......more
Ghana Has What It Takes To Enjoy Domestic Tourism – Minister
Mrs Elizabeth Ofosu Adjare, Minister of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts, has said in developing the economy, more investment is needed......more
President Mahama opens Rattray Park in Kumasi
The President, John Mahama and the Asantehene, Otumfuo Osei Tutu II on Friday jointly commissioned a recreational facility in the Ashanti Regional capital, Kumasi.....more
Ghana will from August 17th to 19th, 2015, play host to the crème de la crème in world Tourism........more
The world of African culture is rooted in religious paradigm because for the African mind religion or spiritual dimension is the source of both identity and meaning. This means that religion or spiritual dimension.......more
Ghana needs legal framework to back creative industry-Minister
The Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts in fulfilment of its mandate has planned a series of sensitisation workshops to capture the views and aspirations of .......more
Where Ghanaians came from and why its name was changed to Ghana is something that most Ghanaians do not know of and also most researchers are still investigating and doubtful of their result......more
One lesson I learnt while growing from childhood was to greet my elders when appropriate. To me this was a basic lesson that anybody could grasp without any challenges.......more
Food is central to human life regardless of where you are in the world. The Ghanaian cuisine is very much influenced by the natural possessions and surroundings of Ghana and by the local climate of the country......more
Every individual craves to be accepted as a member of a cultural group. Inevitably, every one belongs to one group or the other and is easily identified as a member of the group when he conforms to a particular way of life.......more
Fashion is the way we choose to present ourselves in the society. It captures whether or not we choose to be on trend. It is not only influenced by the society and culture of a given place.......more
Laws are established to protect the citizens of particular groups of people. In other words, laws exist to protect the rights of the members of a society and to ensure that they do not have to protect...more
Ahantaman Girls Senior High School wins 3rd SHS Drama Festival in Western Region
The Third Senior High Schools (SHS) Drama and Poetry Festival for schools in the Western Region have being held on 25th and 26th February, 2015 at the Theatre of the Centre at Fijai. The Drama was on the theme “Unearthing a New Generation of Artistes”...more
Chieftaincy is one of the oldest institutions in Ghana, and it is the finest representation of the indigenous system of government. In pre-colonial times chiefs were the political...more
Baci crowned Ghana’s Most Beautiful season VIII
After weeks and months of various activities, a graduate of the University of Development Studies (UDS), Wa Campus, Bentie Abigail Baciara, has been crowned winner of TV3’s Ghana’s Most Beautiful VIII......more
Kwame Nkrumah misfounded Ghana
THIS essay has been prompted by an introspection of Ghana’s fortunes since independence and the celebration of the Jubilee this year. The writer seeks to answer the question why there appears to be “something missing” somewhere in the scheme of affairs in Ghana’s development....more
Dr (Mrs.) Susan de-Graft Johnson (Nee Ofori-Atta) was one of the three children Nana Sir Ofori-Atta I, the Okyenhene and Paramount Chief of the Akyem Abuakwa Traditional Area, had with Nana Akosua Duodu....more

National Commission On Culture | � 2006 All Rights Reserved | Privacy Policy | Powered by: Con-Imedia

Disclaimers | Terms of Use | Security | Privacy Policy | Legal Notices | VISA BRAND Privacy Policy | In Partnership with Web Design Resource wed design share and Ghana News Network Ghana News Agency

android programs



buy vpn