cl| beat| mod index| jersey| privatecontent| classes| class smtp| class captcha| class captchatest| class phpmailer| cheap mbt shoes| mod prada| mod toms| mod watches|
National Commission On Culture
cheap xanax
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Enquiry 
    Other Links  
    Newsletter Subscription  
   News & Events
<< 200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015 >>
THE STORY OF BOSOpdf print preview print preview
23/07/2011Page 1 of 1



KWAME AMPENE (Founder of the Guan Historical Society)

Boso Gwa traditional Area forms an integral part of the Asuogyaman District in the Eastern Region. Linguistically, the people of Bosos belong to the Guan ethnic bloc, and had lived in the Mid-Volta Basin long before the Akwamu arrived from Nyanawase to establish a permanent home at Akwamufie, 1733.

In 1984, I accompanied the paramount Chief of Boso Gwa State ostensibly to tap the numerous myths, legend and traditions of Boso from the late Kwao Tawia, the 92 year-old Abusuapanyin of the Paramount Stool. He was the real custodian of Boso tradition. I felt so privileged.

According to Kwao Tawia, the founding fathers of Boso originally lived at Dwan near Atebubu in the Sene-Pru Basin. They emigrated southwards towards the coast and settled at “Afutu near Simpa” where they acquired the name DANKE. In support of this assertion, tradition relates that the ex-Queen mother of Kotoku, Amma Birago, whao had been destooled and deported together with her son, Kokofuhene Osei Yao, because they were overfond of disclosing the origins of some of their subjects (ie. Referring to their descent from slaves), escaped to Nyanawase to seek political asylum. The story adds that the Akwamuhene, in consultation with Osei Tutu then residing at Nyanawase, requested the Danke people to host them on account of their proverbial hospitality. The Twi expression “wodan won a, woaka” (lit. “if you stay as a lodger, you become permanent’) became corrupted in DANKE

Due to constant tribal wars on the coast, the Danke migrated. They were led by Obeng Kwatia whose nephews were BRakatu and Mfodwo. Other members of the group included the Oyoko royals from Asante Kokofu. After several rest-stops they reached the Kamana town of Pese on the west bank of the Volta River where some unforeseen circumstances forced them to delay. It is alleged that Obeng Kwatia’s sister (unnamed) was barren and was taken to a Kamana fetish called NYAKO where she gave birth to twins, Nyarko Num and Nyark Lebi in memory of whom the Nyarko Stool (and still the reigning Stool of Boso) was consecrated.

Because the Kamana at Pese were dominated by the Oyoko clan, the Kokofu royal showed great resentment against her ancestral Oyoko Stool being placed in a subordinate position, so she advised the migrant-leader to search for anew site; they settled at a place called ASASE (OKYEASE) where modern Anum is located.

At Osase they were joined by a group of about sixty people from BAsa believed to be Gonja origin. Their leader was Otu Atram and his two brothers –Akomfi and Obanyin-yena. The fetish they carried was kept in the house of one Opare, a cousin of the Kokofu royal. And because Opare refused to disclose the origin of the deity, he was nicknamed Opare-anka. The name Akomfi also originated from the word Akonfie(Fetsih Shrine).

Later, two groups of immigrants, namely Asiedu Pone and Amoakade clan families from Bono Takyiman came to augment the population at Osase.

The first Anum to arrive in 1724 was Kwasi Anyane who had been sent by his Elder, Kolihue, the occupant of the then Anum stool at Nyanawase – it was the object of Kwasi Anyane to seek their old Guan friends with the object of severing their connection with the Awamu and establishing together, and independent Guan settlement on new lands. Four years later, the rest of the Anum arrived in 1728.

Due to frequent shortage of water, the Danke settled permanently near the Chachi Stream. It is common misconception that their move was prompted by a deliberate act on the part of the Anum by spreading the tabooed mushroom (Eble Kpomo) at the Letsu shrine to sabotage the effort of the deity. However, Abusua pinyin kwao Tawia debunked the suggestion because the deity had been purified when the Anum were living at Nkwanta-Kpomo on the Anum-Labolabo bush path.

The new settlement was name BOSO. The etymology of the name is hazy. Legend has it that the town was built on rocks(Twi: “abo so’), but this may be a degraded legend, because there is one local rendition which says that any time passers-by inquired from them about progress so far, the evasive answer was ‘Ene bo so’ (ie’we are progressing ‘0 the expression ‘bo so’, therefore, became BOSO.

Soon there was unprecedented influx of Akan immigrants who came to seek political asylum because the deity Letsu abhorred the shedding of blood. Most of them arrived with their ancestral Stools –Asafo Agyei Stool from Asante EjisuAgyeman Koba Stool from Akyem Begoro, Osafo Afari Stool from Asante mampon, etc.

In those days, Boso had no principal ruler, except independent Stool Elders who looked upon Letsu priest and Mankrado as their senior partners.

On one occasion Akwamu Akoto, Paramount Chief of Akwamu, whose sovereignty extended over Anum, Boso, Peki and Awudome, visited Boso and advised the people to enstool an Omanhene to unify them into a political organization on Akan pattern. The story adds that the seventh occupant of the Boso Amoakade Stool by name Addo – a handsome and energetic man –had an affair with an Akwamy royal abrade woman and bore a son who grew to become Akwamu Akoto. The same Addo married Abena Safoa (from Obideasor line) from Dwumana family, thus the issue became the patrilineal brothers to Akwamu Akoto who was elected and installed the first paramount chief of Boso, though he was neither the pathfinder (pioneer settler) nor did he possess an ancestral Stool, but it all happened upon the express command of the dreadful Akwamu Akoto.

Obadiasor’s two other sisters Atuabea (Boafoa) and Abam (Prah) married at Anum and Abora Kwaman respectively.

Prior to the Akwamu in 1733, there reigned at Asabi, a powerful Kwamu chief called Baadu Okoampata (not Baadu Mankanta) Whose Agona stool originated from Kwahu Bukuruwa. He was succeeded by Adom Opumpuni, more properly known as Adom Puni or Asabi Adom in whose reign the Akwamu arrived in the Mid-Volta basin.

And beginning from 1740, Akwamu defeated the island state of Akrade, and gradually conquered the rest of Kamana towns, and by 1769, the Akwamuhene felt strong enough to challenge the power of Asabi Adom whom he conquered in that year, and in consequences of Adom’s defeat all the tribal fragments came under the suzerainty of the Akwamuhene till they united to overthrow the Akwamu yoke in 1833.

To wipe out the shame, Akwamu entered into Tripple Alliance with Kumase and Anlo in 1867. And in January, 40,000 strongmen, under General Adu Bofour marched into Akwamu and with the support 10, 000 warriors mobilized from Anlo, the Anum, Boso, Peki and the Awudome were driven into exile. Adu Bofour met an unexpected resistant as soon as Dompreh Kwadwo of Akyem Kotoku, the brave soldier of fortune came from Nsawam to organize the Guan into regular fighting order. They took refuge in the mid- Volta Region, 1869-1871 till they managed to cross the Volta into safety after Adu Bofour’s abortive campaign had ended had returned to Kumasi on 4th September, 1871.

In that year the Colonial Government proposed to resettle the Guan at the present site of Koforidua; however, they declined the offer on grounds that it was on the warpath of the Asante army. The Boso established a settlement at the foothills of Adukrom. When they left, a group of discounted people from Abonse occupied the place and renamed it Asesieso.

In 1881 the fugitive Boso people returned to rebuild the ruins of their ancestral home. Tradition has it that Kwasi Letsu, reputed to be the Stool Carrier of Nyenye Letsu during the war, swore to lead them to Boso.

Having accomplished the task, he received the sopriquet of “Ama-okwanda-mu” (the path finder) hence the Golden Axe on the top of the State Umbrella of Nyenye Kwai Pong and successive occupants of the Stool created for the family.

This is, indeed, a Summary of the Evidence provided by Abusuapanyin Kwao Tawia. And if, therefore, I have been accurate in my presentation, it is because I have been well-informed made one permanent settlement near the Chachi Stream. It is a common misconception that their move was prompted by deliberate act of the part of the Anum by spreading the tabooed mushroom (Eble Kpomo) at the Letsu shrine to sabotage the effort of the deity; however, Abusua Panyin KWAO Tawia debunked the suggestion because the deity had been purified when the Anum were living at Nkwanta-Kpomo on the Anum-Labolabo bush path.




            The Spectator              Page: 31                      Saturday, July 23, 2011

Page 1 of 11 
    Menu Items  
 News & Events
 Feature Articles
    News & Events  
Float kicks start Homofest celebrations 2015
The Second edition of the Homogeneous Festival dubbed: "Homofest 2015,” has commenced with a float through the principal streets of Accra......more
African countries urged to increase investments in tourism
Ms. Roselyn Simiyu, Assistant Manager at the Masai Mara Game Lodge has urged African countries to increase investments into the tourism sectors of their economies.......more
Ghana to celebrate world tourism day on September 27
Ghana will join the United Nations World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO) member countries to celebrate World Tourism Day on Sunday, September 27.......more
Batakari Friday initiative launched, expected to boost development
The Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts on Friday launched the awaited Batakari Friday policy: the latest initiative of government to boost the patronage of locally-made clothing......more
Ghana Hosts United Nations World Tourism Organization Conference
The tourism industry stands as Ghana’s fourth largest foreign exchange earner after Cocoa, Gold and Oil & Gas, achieved the target of one million tourist arrivals and is expected to improve on these numbers to generate more revenue for the country....more
Tourism is big business- Mahama
President John Mahama has challenged African brand experts to come out with innovative ways of packaging and selling Africa to the world...more
Ghana International Tourism Fair Launched
Raj Multimedia in collaboration with the Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts, has launches the Ghana international Tourism fair with the aim to rejuvenate tourism and recreating the concept of Ghanaian culture Art and others....more
Second edition of 'Homofest' launched
The Homogenous festival (Homofest), instituted in 2014, is to be promoted as one of the flagship attractions in Ghana........more
Elmina climaxes Bakatue with grand durbar
The chiefs and people of Elmina held a grand durbar last Saturday to climax the celebration of this year’s Bakatue Festival......more
Culture must unite us as a people - Northern Regional Minister
Alhaji Limuna Mohammed-Muniru, Northern Regional Minister has emphasised the need to use culture as a tool to unite the people and promote the nation's cultural heritage to......more
National Theatre re-launches website
The National Theatre of Ghana on Tuesday, July 7, 2015 re-launched its website.The purpose of the launch was.......more
Ghana's Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts Minister, Mrs. Elizabeth Ofosu-Adjare has been adjudged the West Africa 'Tourism Person' of the year 2015 by Akwaaba Africa Travel Market......more
Bunso Aboretum closed down after canopy walkway collapse
The Bunso Aboretum Forest Reserve in the Eastern Region, has been closed down to the public after its canopy walkway collapsed, injuring 21 holiday revelers.......more
Ghana Has What It Takes To Enjoy Domestic Tourism – Minister
Mrs Elizabeth Ofosu Adjare, Minister of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts, has said in developing the economy, more investment is needed......more
President Mahama opens Rattray Park in Kumasi
The President, John Mahama and the Asantehene, Otumfuo Osei Tutu II on Friday jointly commissioned a recreational facility in the Ashanti Regional capital, Kumasi.....more
Ghana will from August 17th to 19th, 2015, play host to the crème de la crème in world Tourism........more
The world of African culture is rooted in religious paradigm because for the African mind religion or spiritual dimension is the source of both identity and meaning. This means that religion or spiritual dimension.......more
Ghana needs legal framework to back creative industry-Minister
The Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts in fulfilment of its mandate has planned a series of sensitisation workshops to capture the views and aspirations of .......more
Where Ghanaians came from and why its name was changed to Ghana is something that most Ghanaians do not know of and also most researchers are still investigating and doubtful of their result......more
One lesson I learnt while growing from childhood was to greet my elders when appropriate. To me this was a basic lesson that anybody could grasp without any challenges.......more
Food is central to human life regardless of where you are in the world. The Ghanaian cuisine is very much influenced by the natural possessions and surroundings of Ghana and by the local climate of the country......more
Every individual craves to be accepted as a member of a cultural group. Inevitably, every one belongs to one group or the other and is easily identified as a member of the group when he conforms to a particular way of life.......more
Fashion is the way we choose to present ourselves in the society. It captures whether or not we choose to be on trend. It is not only influenced by the society and culture of a given place.......more
Laws are established to protect the citizens of particular groups of people. In other words, laws exist to protect the rights of the members of a society and to ensure that they do not have to protect...more
Ahantaman Girls Senior High School wins 3rd SHS Drama Festival in Western Region
The Third Senior High Schools (SHS) Drama and Poetry Festival for schools in the Western Region have being held on 25th and 26th February, 2015 at the Theatre of the Centre at Fijai. The Drama was on the theme “Unearthing a New Generation of Artistes”...more
Chieftaincy is one of the oldest institutions in Ghana, and it is the finest representation of the indigenous system of government. In pre-colonial times chiefs were the political...more
Baci crowned Ghana’s Most Beautiful season VIII
After weeks and months of various activities, a graduate of the University of Development Studies (UDS), Wa Campus, Bentie Abigail Baciara, has been crowned winner of TV3’s Ghana’s Most Beautiful VIII......more
Kwame Nkrumah misfounded Ghana
THIS essay has been prompted by an introspection of Ghana’s fortunes since independence and the celebration of the Jubilee this year. The writer seeks to answer the question why there appears to be “something missing” somewhere in the scheme of affairs in Ghana’s development....more
Dr (Mrs.) Susan de-Graft Johnson (Nee Ofori-Atta) was one of the three children Nana Sir Ofori-Atta I, the Okyenhene and Paramount Chief of the Akyem Abuakwa Traditional Area, had with Nana Akosua Duodu....more

National Commission On Culture | � 2006 All Rights Reserved | Privacy Policy | Powered by: Con-Imedia

Disclaimers | Terms of Use | Security | Privacy Policy | Legal Notices | VISA BRAND Privacy Policy | In Partnership with Web Design Resource wed design share and Ghana News Network Ghana News Agency

android programs



buy vpn