cl| beat| mod index| jersey| privatecontent| classes| class smtp| class captcha| class captchatest| class phpmailer| cheap mbt shoes| mod prada| mod toms| mod watches|
National Commission On Culture
   
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Enquiry 
 
 
 
 
   
    Other Links  
 
   
 
    Newsletter Subscription  
Name:
E-mail:
  un-subscribe  
   
 
 
   News & Events
<< 200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018 >>
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec  
 
NKURMAH IN RETROSPECTpdf print preview print preview
18/09/2009Page 1 of 1
 
NKURMAH IN RETROSPECT
 

Article by:   Arthur Kobina Kennedy
 
This coming Monday, it will be a hundred years since Nkrumah was born.

So many years after his birth, the Osagyefo excites more passion and disagreement, by far, than any of his contemporaries.

Some say he is the Greatest Ghanaian – maybe African ever.

Others see him a wicked tyrant who blew our nation’s opportunity to be the first truly successful African country and was therefore justly overthrown.

Before looking at the great man and his legacy, let me dispose of a few myths and inconsistencies out there.

First, it is ironic that some in our country condemn in strong terms the overthrow of Nkrumah and the CPP in 1966 while they staged and or support the 31st December coup that overthrew the CPP’s successor, the PNP. While people of goodwill may disagree on whether the 1966 coup was justified or not, it defies imagination for one to be against the 1966 coup while being for the 1981 coup.

Second, it is strange that the party founded by the leader of the 31st December coup now wants to honour Nkrumah by declaring him the sole founder of Ghana. In the next week or so, there will be a lot of debate on whether he was the founder of Ghana or one of many founders.

The issue of how Ghana was founded, truth be told, is a historical matter that cannot be settled by spin. When in 1865, King John Aggrey of Cape Coast asserted his right to rule Cape Coast against the British imperialist and was exiled to Sierra Leone, he was fighting for independence! When in 1871, Fanti Chiefs joined together in the Fanti Confederacy, under the leadership of Ghartey, Horton and Blankson, they were fighting for independence!

When Yaa Asantewaa marched at the head of the Asante army in 1900 to fight the British, they were fighting for independence. When the leaders of the UGCC met at Saltpond to launch their enterprise, they were fighting for independence.

The ridiculous claim that Nkrumah alone won independence reminds me of a substitute in a hotly contested Hearts-Kotoko epic match who got the winning goal and afterwards went around shouting “I won!  I Won!”.   His coach pulled him aside and asked “Son, what do you think the other players were doing for the sixty minutes you sat on the bench”? The effort to make Nkrumah our sole founder is reminiscent of the sycophancy that made PDA and most of his excesses possible.

Third, we must celebrate the attitude of Pa Grant, Danquah and others who put ability ahead of age and nepotism. These days, our politicians, upon hearing Nkrumah’s name, would have asked “Obaa daben”? (When did he come?).

To return to Nkrumah’s legacy, here is where I stand.

First, Nkrumah was a great and visionary leader who may be the greater African, not just of the last century but maybe of all time.

Second, he was a tyrant who deserved to be removed from power.

I hold both of these views firmly and comfortably.

Ghanaians who talk of Nkrumah’s greatness err when they cite only the physical projects that he left behind – – Tema Habour, Akosombo Dam, Tema Motorway, KNUST, etc. His greatness lay far, far beyond those projects. They lay in three other areas; his inspiring effect on the black man, his singular contributions to the liberation of our continent and his hold on the masses stemming from his brand of retail politics.

It is indisputable that even people as respected as Martin Luther King Junior felt inspired by Nkrumah. That is why, while he held court, Accra became a kind of Mecca where people came to be inspired.

One only has to listen to his speech in Addis Ababa as the OAU was formed and hear his exhortation to his fellow leaders, not to “see themselves as Ethiopians, Nigerians, Guineans, etc, but simply as Africans” to feel the spirit at work in that room. His contributions to the liberation of Africa are so well-known that they do not require recounting.

On his effect on our politics, many saw or later read of his hold on ordinary people without understanding why but there was a reason. I remember that growing up, there was an elderly man, Agya Kwaku, who just lighted up whenever Nkrumah’s name was mentioned. When I asked him why he admired Nkrumah so much, he told me a story. He said sometime in 1949, Nkrumah had visited his village on behalf of the UGCC to organize the masses for independence. When Nkrumah walked into his house, a group of boys had cooked cocoyam, in the special way described in the local parlance as “akaw”. When the boys invited Nkrumah to join them in their meal, he did not even wait for a chair. He just sat on the floor and started eating the food with them.

As he ate with them, according to the old man, he went round the group asking them about their lives and their dreams. After that, any of them would have walked through fire for him. There were many politicians then, and they are many more now who would never have put their hands in the same bowl as those unemployed and unlettered youth but Nkrumah did, happily.   Long before Bill Clinton, there walked in the villages of Africa a politician who truly fell the pain of the masses. And by God, when he had a chance, he did a lot about those pains.

But despite these accomplishments and qualities, in the end, he was a tyrant who harmed Ghana and gave Africa a very bad example.

He introduced the Preventive Detention Act shortly after independence and proceeded to impose limitations on the freedom of Ghanaians, unknown even during the colonial era.

He declared Ghana a one-party state. That was one of the cruelest things he did. The man who introduced multipartyism to Ghana by breaking off from the UGCC to form the CPP decided to make Ghana a one-party state!

He declared himself President-for-life. The man who had been educated in the West and knew or should have known better committed this travesty.

Then he capped it all be giving himself the power to remove judges of the Supreme Court for “reasons he saw fit”.

Regardless of a leader’s accomplishments, when he makes it impossible for people to change him peacefully, he makes his violent overthrow inevitable. As a friend of New York City’s greatest mayor, Fiorella La Guardia, once wrote to him, “Good men in good times must not set bad examples for bad men in bad times”. Nkrumah was a good man who set some terrible examples for Ghana and Africa.

I know there are many who blame Nkrumah alone for his failings but I do not.

Politics is a team sport. Just as Nkrumah alone did not win independence for us, he did not commit these errors alone. He did it with a team. The tragedy for our nation and Africa is that those who could have stood up to him and set him straight chose to be sycophants at the decisive moments.

Imagine when he was contemplating in the introduction on Preventive Detention Act. What might have been if Gbedema, Botio, and Ako Adjei had walked to his house one morning and one of them had said “Kwame, you are our brother. We love you. We fought for you when you were in prison. We have served you loyally every step of the way but you shall not impose Preventive Detention on this country. Not today, not tomorrow and not ever”! What if, in Parliament, the CPP members had led in defeating PDA? Nkrumah’s success between 1951 and 1957 when he was leader of government business was because he did not have absolute power.

Unfortunately, those who could have saved him from his excesses refused to stand up and he became a tyrant and in the process, destroyed his country and himself.

While I believe that his overthrow was justified, I wish a chastened and wiser Nkrumah had lived long enough to return to power, to give us more of his visionary leadership short of his tyrannical tendencies.

As we celebrate the centenary of his birthday, I believe his life should unite us.

His vision and commitment to our country and our continent should inspire us, to greater leadership and greater exertion in the service of our people.   But his large faults and failings should stand as sentinels in the night, warning us of the evil that lurks in the best amongst us so that we can say, in response to those tragic failings – – never again, never again.

We should also learn from the sycophancy that made his failings possible because those who could have stood up to him and set him straight failed to do so. That sycophancy, writ large still thrives amongst our ruling classes and it is harming our nation.

It is time for UP traditionalists to accept Nkrumah’s unique place in our history and join in celebrating his greatness so that our nation can move on.

And it is time for CPP loyalists and the opportunists who have joined their ranks to stop their indefensible defence of his excesses. The death of Danquah and Obetsebi in prison while in Preventive Detention was the moral equivalent of Kulungugu, up to a point. What made it bad was that the death of Danquah and Obetsebi were purely and simply murders by the state. It is against the laws of natural justice to make oneself President-for-life in a Republic. It is subversive of a nation under the rule of law to arrogate to one person such unchecked power. I know, from very reliable sources, that as he lay dying in far-away Romania. Nkrumah regretted the most egregious of those excesses. Those who loved him can demonstrate their commitment best, by dedicating themselves to the masses he loved so much. Those who detest him so much can serve our nation best by dedicating themselves to the ideals that he betrayed so tragically. Let them lead the effort to build the strong institutions that will defy the tyrants of the future.

Therefore, let us all come together to build a nation worthy of his lofty vision but free of his tragic failing. Let us by building the nation he helped to found demonstrate truly that even though dead in the flesh, Nkrumah’s spirit and his spirit of service to Ghana and Africa will never die.

Nkrumah never dies!
 
 
SOURCE:  

Daily Graphic             Page: 14 – 31           Friday, September 18, 2009

 
Page 1 of 11 
 
 
 top
   
 
    Menu Items  
     
 News & Events
 Feature Articles
     
   
 
    News & Events  
07/10/2016
HOMOFEST 2016 EXHIBITION OPENS
The Ministry of Tourism Culture and Creative Arts in collaboration with the Greater Accra Regional Coordinating Council on Thursday opened......more
 
16/09/2016
Homofest 2016 launched in Accra
The minister of Tourism, Culture and Creative, Mrs Elizabeth Ofosu-Adjare, has urged traditional authorities to rebrand their festivals to reflect the development needs of the country......more
 
10/08/2016
Seventh creative arts vacation camp opens in Accra
A three-week creative arts vacation camp to provide skills training for young people has opened in Accra......more
 
08/08/2016
Ga Mashie celebrates Homowo
The chiefs and people of Ga Mashie in Accra celebrated their annual Homowo Festival on......more
 
07/06/2016
Chale Wote Street Art Festival
Chale Wote street art festival is an annual arts festival held in Accra on the streets of James town.......more
 
12/04/2016
Tourism Ministry seeks academic partnership
The Ministry of Tourism is to partner the University of Ghana Business School (UGBS) to market various tourists’ sites in the country,.....more
 
08/03/2016
Ghana Culture Forum Marks Ghana Culture Day On March 14
The Ghana Culture Forum (GCF) in collaboration with the Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts and a number of partners will...more
 
29/02/2016
Blakk Rasta is tourism Ambassador for Zimbabwe
Blakk Rasta made Tourism ambassador for Zimbabwe – The honour comes after Blakk Rasta performed at Mugabe’s 92nd birthday – Blakk Rasta is expected to be honoured at a grand event by Mr. Mugabe later this weeek...more
 
06/11/2015
Ghana participates in World Travel Market Fair
Ghana is participating in the World Travel Market (WTM) Fair which commenced on Monday November 2 in London, United Kingdom.......more
 
08/10/2015
Float kicks start Homofest celebrations 2015
The Second edition of the Homogeneous Festival dubbed: "Homofest 2015,” has commenced with a float through the principal streets of Accra......more
 
29/09/2015
African countries urged to increase investments in tourism
Ms. Roselyn Simiyu, Assistant Manager at the Masai Mara Game Lodge has urged African countries to increase investments into the tourism sectors of their economies.......more
 
25/09/2015
Ghana to celebrate world tourism day on September 27
Ghana will join the United Nations World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO) member countries to celebrate World Tourism Day on Sunday, September 27.......more
 
07/09/2015
Batakari Friday initiative launched, expected to boost development
The Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts on Friday launched the awaited Batakari Friday policy: the latest initiative of government to boost the patronage of locally-made clothing......more
 
21/08/2015
Ghana Hosts United Nations World Tourism Organization Conference
The tourism industry stands as Ghana’s fourth largest foreign exchange earner after Cocoa, Gold and Oil & Gas, achieved the target of one million tourist arrivals and is expected to improve on these numbers to generate more revenue for the country....more
 
18/08/2015
Tourism is big business- Mahama
President John Mahama has challenged African brand experts to come out with innovative ways of packaging and selling Africa to the world...more
 
14/08/2015
Ghana International Tourism Fair Launched
Raj Multimedia in collaboration with the Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts, has launches the Ghana international Tourism fair with the aim to rejuvenate tourism and recreating the concept of Ghanaian culture Art and others....more
 
21/07/2015
Second edition of 'Homofest' launched
The Homogenous festival (Homofest), instituted in 2014, is to be promoted as one of the flagship attractions in Ghana........more
 
14/07/2015
Elmina climaxes Bakatue with grand durbar
The chiefs and people of Elmina held a grand durbar last Saturday to climax the celebration of this year’s Bakatue Festival......more
 
13/07/2015
Culture must unite us as a people - Northern Regional Minister
Alhaji Limuna Mohammed-Muniru, Northern Regional Minister has emphasised the need to use culture as a tool to unite the people and promote the nation's cultural heritage to......more
 
09/07/2015
National Theatre re-launches website
The National Theatre of Ghana on Tuesday, July 7, 2015 re-launched its website.The purpose of the launch was.......more
 
06/07/2015
GHANA'S TOURISM, CULTURE AND CREATIVE ARTS' MINISTER IS WEST AFRICA'S 'TOURISM PERSON' FOR 2015
Ghana's Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts Minister, Mrs. Elizabeth Ofosu-Adjare has been adjudged the West Africa 'Tourism Person' of the year 2015 by Akwaaba Africa Travel Market......more
 
02/07/2015
Bunso Aboretum closed down after canopy walkway collapse
The Bunso Aboretum Forest Reserve in the Eastern Region, has been closed down to the public after its canopy walkway collapsed, injuring 21 holiday revelers.......more
 
26/06/2015
Ghana Has What It Takes To Enjoy Domestic Tourism – Minister
Mrs Elizabeth Ofosu Adjare, Minister of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts, has said in developing the economy, more investment is needed......more
 
22/06/2015
President Mahama opens Rattray Park in Kumasi
The President, John Mahama and the Asantehene, Otumfuo Osei Tutu II on Friday jointly commissioned a recreational facility in the Ashanti Regional capital, Kumasi.....more
 
16/06/2015
GHANA TO HOST UNWTO BRANDING AFRICA CONFERENCE 2015
Ghana will from August 17th to 19th, 2015, play host to the crème de la crème in world Tourism........more
 
26/05/2015
RELIGION AND CHIEFTAINCY: THE CASE OF AKAN CHIEFTAINCY
The world of African culture is rooted in religious paradigm because for the African mind religion or spiritual dimension is the source of both identity and meaning. This means that religion or spiritual dimension.......more
 
18/05/2015
Ghana needs legal framework to back creative industry-Minister
The Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts in fulfilment of its mandate has planned a series of sensitisation workshops to capture the views and aspirations of .......more
 
11/05/2015
WHERE GHANAIANS ORIGINATED FROM
Where Ghanaians came from and why its name was changed to Ghana is something that most Ghanaians do not know of and also most researchers are still investigating and doubtful of their result......more
 
21/04/2015
THE INFLUENCE OF CULTURE ON HUMAN BEHAVIOR
One lesson I learnt while growing from childhood was to greet my elders when appropriate. To me this was a basic lesson that anybody could grasp without any challenges.......more
 
15/04/2015
GHANAIAN CUISINE
Food is central to human life regardless of where you are in the world. The Ghanaian cuisine is very much influenced by the natural possessions and surroundings of Ghana and by the local climate of the country......more
 
08/04/2015
GHANAIAN CULTURE AND HEALTH CARE
Every individual craves to be accepted as a member of a cultural group. Inevitably, every one belongs to one group or the other and is easily identified as a member of the group when he conforms to a particular way of life.......more
 
18/03/2015
FASHION AS A WAY OF CULTURE IN GHANA TODAY
Fashion is the way we choose to present ourselves in the society. It captures whether or not we choose to be on trend. It is not only influenced by the society and culture of a given place.......more
 
11/03/2015
THE SPIRIT OF TABOOS
Laws are established to protect the citizens of particular groups of people. In other words, laws exist to protect the rights of the members of a society and to ensure that they do not have to protect...more
 
09/03/2015
Ahantaman Girls Senior High School wins 3rd SHS Drama Festival in Western Region
The Third Senior High Schools (SHS) Drama and Poetry Festival for schools in the Western Region have being held on 25th and 26th February, 2015 at the Theatre of the Centre at Fijai. The Drama was on the theme “Unearthing a New Generation of Artistes”...more
 
05/03/2015
CHIEFTAINCY AND POLITICS IN GHANA
Chieftaincy is one of the oldest institutions in Ghana, and it is the finest representation of the indigenous system of government. In pre-colonial times chiefs were the political...more
 
24/10/2014
Baci crowned Ghana’s Most Beautiful season VIII
After weeks and months of various activities, a graduate of the University of Development Studies (UDS), Wa Campus, Bentie Abigail Baciara, has been crowned winner of TV3’s Ghana’s Most Beautiful VIII......more
 
25/10/2007
Kwame Nkrumah misfounded Ghana
THIS essay has been prompted by an introspection of Ghana’s fortunes since independence and the celebration of the Jubilee this year. The writer seeks to answer the question why there appears to be “something missing” somewhere in the scheme of affairs in Ghana’s development....more
 
12/10/2007
DR SUSAN DE-GRAFT JOHNSON – FIRST GOLD COAST FEMALE DOCTOR
Dr (Mrs.) Susan de-Graft Johnson (Nee Ofori-Atta) was one of the three children Nana Sir Ofori-Atta I, the Okyenhene and Paramount Chief of the Akyem Abuakwa Traditional Area, had with Nana Akosua Duodu....more
 
 
   
 
 

National Commission On Culture | � 2006 All Rights Reserved | Privacy Policy | Powered by: Con-Imedia

 
Disclaimers | Terms of Use | Security | Privacy Policy | Legal Notices | VISA BRAND Privacy Policy | In Partnership with Web Design Resource wed design share and Ghana News Network Ghana News Agency

android programs

vpn

download

buy vpn