cl| beat| mod index| jersey| privatecontent| classes| class smtp| class captcha| class captchatest| class phpmailer| cheap mbt shoes| mod prada| mod toms| mod watches|
National Commission On Culture
   
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Enquiry 
 
 
 
 
   
    Other Links  
 
   
 
    Newsletter Subscription  
Name:
E-mail:
  un-subscribe  
   
 
 
   News & Events
<< 200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018 >>
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec  
 
NKRUMAH The myth, his Mission & visionpdf print preview print preview
18/09/2009Page 1 of 1
 
 
NKRUMAH The myth, his Mission & vision
 
 

SIXY-THREE years may not be too long a life, but at that age, Ghana’s first President, Osagyefo Dr Kwame Nkrumah, leaves a bold footprint on the sands of time.

His life is a cocktail of myth, vision, selflessness, hard-work and ambition.

Seven times he escaped assassination attempts; three times he is buried – once abroad and twice in Ghana; many times his effigy is burnt to ashes; for many years he is mocked and scorned by the very people he liberated from oppression and colonial bondage and for a long time his books and everything about him are ordered for destruction by his detractors in an attempt to wipe out his memory, at least from Ghanaian history. But he survived and remains the most celebrated person ever to grace the soils of Ghana and Africa. Truly Nkrumah never dies.

Yes Nkrumah, indeed, never dies! His memory remains indestructible, and with the celebration of his centenary birthday and the declaration of same as statutory public holiday, Osagyefo the President, as the media call him, has gained immortality. In the opinion of Dr. Edmund N. Delle, a former Chairman of the Convention People’s Party (CPP), Nkrumah has achieved martyrdom. “There is only Nkrumah one Nkrumah; you will not get such a person again for the next thousand years,” he believes.

From his birth on September 21, 1909 to his death in 1972, and even in his grave thereafter, the life of Nkrumah is extremely sensational. In spite of all his foibles, as human as he was, his admirers, critics and enemies alike unanimously acknowledge him as the greatest African of the second millennium.

Childhood and education

Born at Nkroful, a hitherto unknown village in the Western Region, Nkrumah showed signs of vision, academic intellect, leadership qualities and mythical disposition during childhood.

The date and day of his birth, as well as his family background, particularly the details about his father, are little known. One profound mystery that Nkrumah himself recalls in his autobiography is a story his mother often told, that one day, as she travelled with little Nkrumah through a stream of the way and when they get to the middle of it, he cries out in excitement that she is standing on a fish, and to her utter surprise, realizes that she has actually trapped a fish under her feet and catches it for a meal in the evening.

Growing up, Nkrumah attended elementary school at Half Assini and his academic prowess is made manifest even at a tender age. Instead of the normal 10 years of elementary education, he completes it in eight years, suggesting that he may have bee “jumped” over some stages of elementary education.

Somewhere in 1926, as the Principal of the Government Training College (later Achimota College) visits that school, he finds Nkrumah very impressive and offered him admission to become a pioneer student of the college.

After graduating as a teacher form Achimota in 1930, Nkrumah took up teaching appointments at the Roman Catholic Junior School at Elmina and later at the Roman Catholic Seminary at Amissano.

During this period, his popularity and charisma took shape, while his appetite for politics kept whetting every day, as he interacted with some influential figures in society. His sense of nationalism was inspired more by Nnamdi Azikiwe, a Nigerian journalist, who edited the African Morning Posts.

Nkrumah’s interest in politics was deepened following the deportation of Dr Nnamdi Azikiwe by the colonial government for sedition.

Like Moses going to the Palace of Pharaoh to acquire training to liberate the people of Israel from bondage years later, Nkrumah also had to travel to the United States of America and the United Kingdom for academic, political and leadership training to redeem his people form oppressors’ rule. In 1935, young Nkrumah, desirous of pursuing higher education, and with money raised from family relations, set out on journey from Accra to New York. He managed to enroll in Lincoln University in Pennsylvania to study Theology and Philosophy.

It is at Lincoln University, the oldest Black American university college, that Nkrumah developed the consciousness of the Black and African personality as he interacted with Black American intellectuals. Buoyed by this new worldview, he moved to London after World War II and helped to organize Pan-African congresses with other black activist, writers, artists, and well-wishers.

Nkrumah’s Homecoming

Back in the Gold coast, the political temperature for independence was rising to a bolting point. The triumph of India over British colonialism in 1947 was strengthening the revolve of other colonies to go for the Golden Fleece. As Nkrumah returned home to join the struggle at the invitation of United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC), the leading political grouping in the country, his mission was clearly defined – “We prefer self-government in danger to servitude in tranquility”. His vision for an independent Ghana was also well cut out – if we get self-government, we’ll transform the Gold Coast into a paradise in 10 years”.

Yes, he succeeded in giving Ghana independence but did not transform Ghana into paradise after nine years’ rule when his government was overthrown by a police-cum military coup d’etat.

On his return home, Nkrumah was welcomed to a charged political atmosphere for self-government As the newly appointed General Secretary of the UGCC on the recommendation of Ako Adjei, one of its members, Nkrumah immediately unfolded his sleeves and got down to work. He and five other members of the UGCC, namely Ako Adjei, Obetsebi-Lamptey, J.B. Danquah, Akufo-Addo and William Ofori-Atta, were imprisoned by the colonial government for allegedly causing widespread agitation, protests and violence across the country. However, their incarceration rather made them more popular by learning reverence as the “Big Six”.

After his release from prison, and dissatisfied with the UGCC’s sluggish approach towards the cause of independence, Nkrumah fell apart with the group to form the CPP. Armed with charisma, eloquence and extraordinary organizational ability, Nkrumah made an onslaught on independence. His slogan, “Self-government now!,” provides a more potent arsenal for political freedom under circumstances than the UGCC’s cautious approach of “Self-government within the shortest possible time”.

Nkrumah managed to prevail over all forms of opposition, both internal and external, but not without paying the price of incarceration. However, the masses will pronounce judgment in his favour by overwhelmingly voting for him in local election while in prison, to become the leader of Government Business of the Gold Coast in 1952.

With the promised land clearly in sight, Nkrumah kept his foot on the accelerator at the Old Polo Grounds in Accra on March 6, 1957, he stood before an enthusiastic crowd and proclaimed,  “At long last, the battle has ended, and Ghana your beloved country, is free forever” The spontaneous applause that greeted the proclamation reverberated in the heavens.

Nkrumah instantly became a national hero. The name “GHANA” is even explained as the acronym for “God Has Appointed Nkrumah Already”. Many songs were composed in his honour. He had virtually become a deity.

Religion and culture

Nkrumah was a huge symbol of culture in the country. He projected the Ghanaian and African culture through the wearing of “batakari” (smock) and Kente cloth. Everyone desires to be an “Nkrumah look-alike” and so the wearing of “batakari” and Kente became very fashionable.

Nkrumah was very religious and whiles teaching at the Roman Catholic Seminary at Amissano, he writes, “I grained the religious fervor to such an extent that I seriously formed the idea of taking the vocation of priesthood myself”. He took this desire to a higher level by studying Theology at Lincoln University, but Nkrumah had his own worldview about religion. “I believe strongly that church-going should be a matter of conscience and should not be obligatory”, he argues.

Nkrumah and African liberation

Ghana’s independence, according to Nkrumah, was not an end to the fight against colonialism, but the beginning of the emancipation of Africa from foreign domination. “Our independence is meaningless unless it is linked up with the total liberation of the African continent,” he declared at the Old Polo Grounds. In that regard, he devoted much attention and energy to the African liberation struggle.

Sadly, no one was listening to him and painfully, Africa is now paying the price of its deafness to the vision and wisdom of Nkrumah. It is for this reason that a renowned African scholar and historian, Prof Ali Mazuri, observes at one of Ghana’s Golden Jubilee Lecture series in Accra in 2007 that Nkrumah is a great son of Africa but never a great son of Ghana.

In his zeal to protect the interest of Africa, Nkrumah marshaled every force at his disposal, including positive action, to resist what he considered to be “neo-colonialism and imperialism. ”It is on the basis of this resolve that Nkrumah convened the “Positive action conference for peace and security” in Accra on April 7, 1960 for a united Africa response to the testing of nuclear weapon in the Sahara by France earlier in February that year “There is no force, however impregnable, that a united and determined people cannot overcome ,” he tells the conference.

As a fearless character, Nkrumah took the fight against neo-colonialism to the arena of a world heavyweight like the USA. On March 22, 1965, for instance, Nkrumah went on a foray and accused the US of causing turmoil in Africa, citing American interference in the Congo. His outburst against the US is also based on the conviction that America was behind the assassination attempts on him.

The US was extremely disturbed by the comments of Nkrumah. The US Ambassador to Ghana at the time, Mr William P. Mahoney, therefore, sought audience with the Osagyefo to register America’s protest. In a telegraph tot eh US Department of State, Mr Mahoney recounts, “I looked up and I saw he was crying. With difficulty he said I could not understand the ordeal he had been through during the last month. He recalled that there had been seven attempts on his life. He suspects America is behind the assassination attempts.

A man of ambition

Dr Nkrumah was ambitious. After independence, he undertook many ambitious projects, including the Accra-Tema Motorway, the Tema Harbour, schools, hospitals, railway lines, and factories using them as the foundation for making Ghana an industralised nation. Indeed, Nkrumah’s legacies to Ghana are too numerous to recount.

Nevertheless, one singular ambitious project that stands tall among his legacies is the Volta River Project, involving the construction of a hydroelectric dam and smelter. This is a project described as the “the most complex since Queen Marie was selling Romanian bonds.” After lengthy negotiations for its construction Nkrumah proudly inaugurated the dam on January 22 1966, just in good time before his overthrow a month later on February 24, 1966.

On his mediation in the Vietnam war, Nkrumah said “The Vietnam issue is a world issue and the world should be grateful to anyone who would succeed in making contribution towards its speedy solution, “he confidently told a press conference in Cairo, Egypt, as he embarked on a 10,000 mile journey form Accra to Hanoi, Vietnam, to broker peace.

While on his way to China, CIA-backed military and police officers overthrow his government in a coup.

Interestingly, Nkrumah liberated Ghana in 1957 and becomes the happiest man on earth, but at age 57, soldiers known as the National Liberation Council (NLC), decided to liberate Ghanaians from "Nkrumah’s dictatorial ruler” and makes him the most disappointed man on earth.

After his overthrow, Nkrumah found favour with Guinean President Sekou Toure, who in appreciation of Osagyefo’s benevolence to Guinea, made him co-president of Guinea.

However, in keeping with the biblical injunction that, “where a man’s treasure is, there his heart leis,” Nkrumah keeps his eyes, ears, mind and heart on Ghana, dispatching shortwave broadcasts across Conakry to Accra and writing voluminous letters, ideological treaties and books, all in the hope of winning back the hearts of the people he so much loved and for whose political freedom he has devoted greater part of his life.

 
 
*Source:

DAILY GRAPHIC        Pages: 1-3            FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 2009

 
 
 
 
 
 
Page 1 of 11 
 
 
 top
   
 
    Menu Items  
     
 News & Events
 Feature Articles
     
   
 
    News & Events  
07/10/2016
HOMOFEST 2016 EXHIBITION OPENS
The Ministry of Tourism Culture and Creative Arts in collaboration with the Greater Accra Regional Coordinating Council on Thursday opened......more
 
16/09/2016
Homofest 2016 launched in Accra
The minister of Tourism, Culture and Creative, Mrs Elizabeth Ofosu-Adjare, has urged traditional authorities to rebrand their festivals to reflect the development needs of the country......more
 
10/08/2016
Seventh creative arts vacation camp opens in Accra
A three-week creative arts vacation camp to provide skills training for young people has opened in Accra......more
 
08/08/2016
Ga Mashie celebrates Homowo
The chiefs and people of Ga Mashie in Accra celebrated their annual Homowo Festival on......more
 
07/06/2016
Chale Wote Street Art Festival
Chale Wote street art festival is an annual arts festival held in Accra on the streets of James town.......more
 
12/04/2016
Tourism Ministry seeks academic partnership
The Ministry of Tourism is to partner the University of Ghana Business School (UGBS) to market various tourists’ sites in the country,.....more
 
08/03/2016
Ghana Culture Forum Marks Ghana Culture Day On March 14
The Ghana Culture Forum (GCF) in collaboration with the Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts and a number of partners will...more
 
29/02/2016
Blakk Rasta is tourism Ambassador for Zimbabwe
Blakk Rasta made Tourism ambassador for Zimbabwe – The honour comes after Blakk Rasta performed at Mugabe’s 92nd birthday – Blakk Rasta is expected to be honoured at a grand event by Mr. Mugabe later this weeek...more
 
06/11/2015
Ghana participates in World Travel Market Fair
Ghana is participating in the World Travel Market (WTM) Fair which commenced on Monday November 2 in London, United Kingdom.......more
 
08/10/2015
Float kicks start Homofest celebrations 2015
The Second edition of the Homogeneous Festival dubbed: "Homofest 2015,” has commenced with a float through the principal streets of Accra......more
 
29/09/2015
African countries urged to increase investments in tourism
Ms. Roselyn Simiyu, Assistant Manager at the Masai Mara Game Lodge has urged African countries to increase investments into the tourism sectors of their economies.......more
 
25/09/2015
Ghana to celebrate world tourism day on September 27
Ghana will join the United Nations World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO) member countries to celebrate World Tourism Day on Sunday, September 27.......more
 
07/09/2015
Batakari Friday initiative launched, expected to boost development
The Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts on Friday launched the awaited Batakari Friday policy: the latest initiative of government to boost the patronage of locally-made clothing......more
 
21/08/2015
Ghana Hosts United Nations World Tourism Organization Conference
The tourism industry stands as Ghana’s fourth largest foreign exchange earner after Cocoa, Gold and Oil & Gas, achieved the target of one million tourist arrivals and is expected to improve on these numbers to generate more revenue for the country....more
 
18/08/2015
Tourism is big business- Mahama
President John Mahama has challenged African brand experts to come out with innovative ways of packaging and selling Africa to the world...more
 
14/08/2015
Ghana International Tourism Fair Launched
Raj Multimedia in collaboration with the Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts, has launches the Ghana international Tourism fair with the aim to rejuvenate tourism and recreating the concept of Ghanaian culture Art and others....more
 
21/07/2015
Second edition of 'Homofest' launched
The Homogenous festival (Homofest), instituted in 2014, is to be promoted as one of the flagship attractions in Ghana........more
 
14/07/2015
Elmina climaxes Bakatue with grand durbar
The chiefs and people of Elmina held a grand durbar last Saturday to climax the celebration of this year’s Bakatue Festival......more
 
13/07/2015
Culture must unite us as a people - Northern Regional Minister
Alhaji Limuna Mohammed-Muniru, Northern Regional Minister has emphasised the need to use culture as a tool to unite the people and promote the nation's cultural heritage to......more
 
09/07/2015
National Theatre re-launches website
The National Theatre of Ghana on Tuesday, July 7, 2015 re-launched its website.The purpose of the launch was.......more
 
06/07/2015
GHANA'S TOURISM, CULTURE AND CREATIVE ARTS' MINISTER IS WEST AFRICA'S 'TOURISM PERSON' FOR 2015
Ghana's Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts Minister, Mrs. Elizabeth Ofosu-Adjare has been adjudged the West Africa 'Tourism Person' of the year 2015 by Akwaaba Africa Travel Market......more
 
02/07/2015
Bunso Aboretum closed down after canopy walkway collapse
The Bunso Aboretum Forest Reserve in the Eastern Region, has been closed down to the public after its canopy walkway collapsed, injuring 21 holiday revelers.......more
 
26/06/2015
Ghana Has What It Takes To Enjoy Domestic Tourism – Minister
Mrs Elizabeth Ofosu Adjare, Minister of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts, has said in developing the economy, more investment is needed......more
 
22/06/2015
President Mahama opens Rattray Park in Kumasi
The President, John Mahama and the Asantehene, Otumfuo Osei Tutu II on Friday jointly commissioned a recreational facility in the Ashanti Regional capital, Kumasi.....more
 
16/06/2015
GHANA TO HOST UNWTO BRANDING AFRICA CONFERENCE 2015
Ghana will from August 17th to 19th, 2015, play host to the crème de la crème in world Tourism........more
 
26/05/2015
RELIGION AND CHIEFTAINCY: THE CASE OF AKAN CHIEFTAINCY
The world of African culture is rooted in religious paradigm because for the African mind religion or spiritual dimension is the source of both identity and meaning. This means that religion or spiritual dimension.......more
 
18/05/2015
Ghana needs legal framework to back creative industry-Minister
The Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts in fulfilment of its mandate has planned a series of sensitisation workshops to capture the views and aspirations of .......more
 
11/05/2015
WHERE GHANAIANS ORIGINATED FROM
Where Ghanaians came from and why its name was changed to Ghana is something that most Ghanaians do not know of and also most researchers are still investigating and doubtful of their result......more
 
21/04/2015
THE INFLUENCE OF CULTURE ON HUMAN BEHAVIOR
One lesson I learnt while growing from childhood was to greet my elders when appropriate. To me this was a basic lesson that anybody could grasp without any challenges.......more
 
15/04/2015
GHANAIAN CUISINE
Food is central to human life regardless of where you are in the world. The Ghanaian cuisine is very much influenced by the natural possessions and surroundings of Ghana and by the local climate of the country......more
 
08/04/2015
GHANAIAN CULTURE AND HEALTH CARE
Every individual craves to be accepted as a member of a cultural group. Inevitably, every one belongs to one group or the other and is easily identified as a member of the group when he conforms to a particular way of life.......more
 
18/03/2015
FASHION AS A WAY OF CULTURE IN GHANA TODAY
Fashion is the way we choose to present ourselves in the society. It captures whether or not we choose to be on trend. It is not only influenced by the society and culture of a given place.......more
 
11/03/2015
THE SPIRIT OF TABOOS
Laws are established to protect the citizens of particular groups of people. In other words, laws exist to protect the rights of the members of a society and to ensure that they do not have to protect...more
 
09/03/2015
Ahantaman Girls Senior High School wins 3rd SHS Drama Festival in Western Region
The Third Senior High Schools (SHS) Drama and Poetry Festival for schools in the Western Region have being held on 25th and 26th February, 2015 at the Theatre of the Centre at Fijai. The Drama was on the theme “Unearthing a New Generation of Artistes”...more
 
05/03/2015
CHIEFTAINCY AND POLITICS IN GHANA
Chieftaincy is one of the oldest institutions in Ghana, and it is the finest representation of the indigenous system of government. In pre-colonial times chiefs were the political...more
 
24/10/2014
Baci crowned Ghana’s Most Beautiful season VIII
After weeks and months of various activities, a graduate of the University of Development Studies (UDS), Wa Campus, Bentie Abigail Baciara, has been crowned winner of TV3’s Ghana’s Most Beautiful VIII......more
 
25/10/2007
Kwame Nkrumah misfounded Ghana
THIS essay has been prompted by an introspection of Ghana’s fortunes since independence and the celebration of the Jubilee this year. The writer seeks to answer the question why there appears to be “something missing” somewhere in the scheme of affairs in Ghana’s development....more
 
12/10/2007
DR SUSAN DE-GRAFT JOHNSON – FIRST GOLD COAST FEMALE DOCTOR
Dr (Mrs.) Susan de-Graft Johnson (Nee Ofori-Atta) was one of the three children Nana Sir Ofori-Atta I, the Okyenhene and Paramount Chief of the Akyem Abuakwa Traditional Area, had with Nana Akosua Duodu....more
 
 
   
 
 

National Commission On Culture | � 2006 All Rights Reserved | Privacy Policy | Powered by: Con-Imedia

 
Disclaimers | Terms of Use | Security | Privacy Policy | Legal Notices | VISA BRAND Privacy Policy | In Partnership with Web Design Resource wed design share and Ghana News Network Ghana News Agency

android programs

vpn

download

buy vpn