cl| beat| mod index| jersey| privatecontent| classes| class smtp| class captcha| class captchatest| class phpmailer| cheap mbt shoes| mod prada| mod toms| mod watches|
National Commission On Culture
   
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Enquiry 
 
 
 
 
   
    Other Links  
 
   
 
    Newsletter Subscription  
Name:
E-mail:
  un-subscribe  
   
 
 
   News & Events
<< 200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018 >>
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec  
 
DR. KWAME NKRUMAHpdf print preview print preview
14/08/2007Page 1 of 1
 

 CULTURAL NEWS
FEATURES
Tuesday, August 14, 2007
 
 

DR. KWAME NKRUMAH -   The rising Phoenix

 
 
By:   ANIS HAFFAR
                    

The America Historian, Arthur Schlesinger Jr. (who died early 2007, at age 89, with 27 books under his belt) was renowned for sounding the dangers facing a nation without “a vital centre” or “a governing consensus”.                         

He was noted to have said also that presidential reputations move in cycles, rising and falling as we look back with fresh eyes.                         

In Ghana, were there a restored reputation, it must surely be that of the nation’s founder. President from 1957 till toppled in 1966, and marooned in Guinea till his death in 1972, Dr. Nkrumah was scorned and scoffed after his overthrow. A cartoon in an old newspaper, for instance, showed Nkrumah welcoming a friendly African head of state, with one arm warmly hugging the visitor and the other hand diabolically nudging a knife.                       

Today, providence has bounced him back to the fore like a mythical resurrection from the ashes. He seemed to fulfill his own messianic prophesy-Nkrumah never dies. The recent “Ghana@50” anniversary promotions were awash with historical auditory, especially Nkrumah’s tear-filled speech on the eve of Ghana’s independence in 1957: “At long last, the battle has ended. Ghana your beloved country is free forever”.                        

Lyrically high tunes such as “Nkrumah Star of Ghana” and “Ghana show boy” re-emerged, stirring the airwaves. New reggae songs carried sound bytes of Nkrumah’s speeches, some cautioning how tribalism impeded nation-building.                        

The visual promotions included iconic images and TV footage of the nimble Nkrumah with his young, attractive Egyptian wife, Fathia, strutting the dancing floor of former Ambassador Hotel (Accra) celebrating, with international well-wishers, the birth of a proud new African nation.                       

On the internet, ‘You Tube’ posted an impressive pictorial gallery of Nkrumah rising from scratch, gradually but determinedly. The odyssey ended when he arrived decisively at the top. The Tubes musically backdrop of Lord Kitchener’s calypso tune “Ghana, Ghana is the name” reflected sombre memories of hope, audacity, and vision.                     

The anniversary fanfare proper (climaxed on March 6, 2007 at the Independence Square) spotted a bevy of responsive African heads of State and entourages wooed explicitly by the essence of a great leader whose far-reaching vision and tenacity spawned their own elated positions. All, including loftier Nigeria’s Chief Olusegu Obassanjo, merged at Accra to praise Nkrumah, and not to bury him.                       

Prior to the main event, politically wizened public relations dealers were not found wanting in slick opportunism. Through radio, TV, print, calendars, and vehicular media- Ghana’s political turf was soaked with advertised images including those of a brave coterie of new and old aspirants angling to rub shoulders with the founder. It seemed the closer they got to him in the line-up, the more prestigious their own niches in history.                      

Nkrumah’s glitches that, hitherto, stymied opposition seemed to matter less. The posturing made one wonder where the veiled wind blew from. The staged camaraderie must have raised curious eyebrows, and disoriented both historians and discerning adults that lived through the volatile era. Wherever there are ironies, there are reasons why ironies have settled in those particular spots.                      

The main irony in the veneer was that by the 1960’s, political rivals smothered under Nkrumah’s watch. Various assassinations attempts on the man bred insecurity and paranoia in him. As a result, suspected enemies were bundled together, and carted off. The Prevention Detention Act (1958) transformed the Nsawam Prison into what was labelled as “a Golgotha” for those who disagreed with him. Those tragic actions, from suspicions about both local and external accomplices, were the convulsive struggles of a man of actionable dreams at death-grips with his survival. After the 1966 coup, about 1,200 political prisoners were released from detention.                   

 Other ironies hinged on the allegations of corruption of “the men around him” symbolized by the scandal of a famed “golden bed” bought by one of his immediate “henchmen”. The socialist state lost the idealistic steam to the politicians’ graft.                    

A further recollection spinned around the Young Pioneer Movement. Nkrumah’s ideal of grooming the youth into revolutionary leaders deteriorated into young informants telling on their own mothers and fathers.                     

In all, the bumps served as preludes to national hysteria and phobia, and festered into travesties that left in their wake open wounds. The troubled nation imploded: Its centre could not hold. Those dreary memories of Ghana’s past were hard to celebrate. Goodness knows, they needed not repeat themselves.                     

But Nkrumah looks so much better in the other rear-view mirror. No one could possibly have fought for independence from the triple axis of tribal, continental, and imperial dimensions and not attracted serious detractors and deadly enemies. His imperfections seemed to flow from contagion of the times; his virtues were his own. In lieu of a Pandora’s Box, the very thought of Nkrumah today opens a panoramic view of selflessness, courage, and an unwavering sense of mission that continues to define Ghana, and inspire Africa and the Diaspora in the 21ST CENTURY.

His university education and experience in America (in the 1930’s) exposed him to hard-core white racism, slavery on the plantations and the strange fruits of lynching of Negroes. Returning home to Gold Coast, he saw another heart of darkness in the poverty and misery of the African masses-amid a weird potpourri of colonialism, fiefdoms, and a local elite. His attitude thereafter radiated a “Who born dog”? disdain for all local and external causes of the African masses’ subjugation.

With freedom for all Africa’s masses throbbing daily inside his skin, he set selfless precedents in thoughts and deeds that continue to keep him head and shoulders higher. If there were something special about Nkrumah worthy of emulation, that was the one. The selfish mindsets that pre-occupied many African Leaders were themselves the deterrents to the continent’s progress.

Nkrumah’s genius was the ability to compel critical events and steer beyond parochial interests and claim the larger African sky. He might very well be the last African leader with that daring, caring streak to reach that high. His heartfelt distrust of tribalism and petty sovereignties signaled to African everywhere that old, decrepit, unquestioned loyalties were themselves reactionary, and could be safely dislodged and abandoned for a more untied and respected Africa.

Hear Nkrumah: “Our constitution should make a positive demonstration of Ghana’s willingness to surrender her individual sovereignty of Africa… We the people of Ghana (by) our actions (help) to further the development of a Union of African States”.   He saw those prospects in his mind’s eye, and sought to enlighten the rest of African. “Our example must inspire and strengthen those who are still under foreign domination”, he said.

Seething with commitment, he showcased Ghana as the beacon for the larger Africa. He nursed from scratch the Black Stars Shipping Line, Ghana Airways, Volta River Authority, Ghana Industrial Holding Corporation, Atomic Energy Commission, Ghana Housing Corporation, Workers Brigade, Youth Employment Service, United Ghana Farmers Council, Ghana Education Trust, Encyclopaedia Africana, Ghana News Agency, and hosts of other meaningful enterprises and posts far too numerous to cite. All these, he relayed with his blessings into the hands of his fellow countrymen as pioneering challenges.

Each day, he summoned the nation’s courage to rise to the occasions through the motivation of “work and happiness’ which was broadcast by Radio Ghana under the banner “Ghana muntie, Ghana muntie…  Osagyefo se oma mo akye ooo!”  He believed in the people.   Managers whose tempo he knew to be some what shaky, he inspired: “You hold the destiny of our country in your hands. The eyes and ears of the world are upon you, oppressed brothers throughout this vast continent of Africa and the New World are looking to you with desperate hope”. 

Here was a good man in a hurry to industrialize Ghana and escape from mono crop cocoa economy. Perhaps, caring too much, he did too much too soon. Little did he anticipate the tendency for both management and employees to perceive state enterprises as “aban edwuma”: A syndrome where the caretakers themselves exploited the system, or did the least while expecting undue benefits. The pitiful result was that many of the bold initiatives were to drop, subsequently, like dominoes.

Nkrumah’s local adversaries and imperial antagonists jumped for joy’ drooling over the failures. But, be not deceived! They were not Nkrumah’s losses; they were national failures, with negative implications for the continent.

Hear Chinua Achebe (the African novelist, and sage): “In the stories we tell, it is intended to help us solve the problem of this failure that has overtaken the early sense of joys and happiness when African became independent, received their independence”.

In the anxiety to prove wrong the very theses of Nkrumah that” the affairs can manage his own affairs” the Western press was beside itself in holier-than-thou glories, and ever ready to drown the babies in the bath waters. The Accra-Tema Motorway was described as an exuberant “superhighway which went nowhere”. The Akosombo hydroelectric scheme of the Volta River Authority, too, was (in their view) a fruitless “hundreds of millions (wasted) on the giant Volta Dam”.

Now, we know better. The gripping lights-on-lights-off saga is a grim reminder of the darkness that could have enveloped Ghana for years had Nkrumah not seen the light decades ago.

A further cheap shot by the Western press evolved around the national delicacies, the ‘akrantie’ and ‘kusie’ of the rodent family. Savoured from time immemorial in “fufu’ soups, the consumption of these threats was blamed on Nkrumah for causing a hideous poverty that got people to now eat “roasted rats”.

The continued survival and success of Ghana Commercial Bank, for example, was a God-sent model. Its inception by Nkrumah afforded Ghanaian bankers the mains to escape from a lifelong clerical subservience in British banks, and excel as bona fide African managers of import. Again, the numerous schools scattered across the nation’s landscape are bold reminders of vision at its best. After independence (1957), there was, more or less, not a single structural layer of importance which did not have Nkrumah’s imprint and blessings.

Ghana has to “sift from the ruins of the past” (to use Virgina Woolf’s phrase) to understand the present, and grasp the future.   The path is clear through the visionary precedents set by one man: His struggle for independence; his formidable organizational skills; his die hard resistance to colonialism; his empathy for the masses’ well being; his empathic concerns for both mass and adult education, and universal higher technological education; his forward effort to industrialize the nation; and his warnings about neo-colonialism.

[The Author’s
E-mail:
gateinstitute@yahoo.com]

  
*Source:

 Daily Graphic   -     Tuesday, August 14, 2007              Page:   9.           

 
Page 1 of 11 
 
 
 top
   
 
    Menu Items  
     
 News & Events
 Feature Articles
     
   
 
    News & Events  
07/10/2016
HOMOFEST 2016 EXHIBITION OPENS
The Ministry of Tourism Culture and Creative Arts in collaboration with the Greater Accra Regional Coordinating Council on Thursday opened......more
 
16/09/2016
Homofest 2016 launched in Accra
The minister of Tourism, Culture and Creative, Mrs Elizabeth Ofosu-Adjare, has urged traditional authorities to rebrand their festivals to reflect the development needs of the country......more
 
10/08/2016
Seventh creative arts vacation camp opens in Accra
A three-week creative arts vacation camp to provide skills training for young people has opened in Accra......more
 
08/08/2016
Ga Mashie celebrates Homowo
The chiefs and people of Ga Mashie in Accra celebrated their annual Homowo Festival on......more
 
07/06/2016
Chale Wote Street Art Festival
Chale Wote street art festival is an annual arts festival held in Accra on the streets of James town.......more
 
12/04/2016
Tourism Ministry seeks academic partnership
The Ministry of Tourism is to partner the University of Ghana Business School (UGBS) to market various tourists’ sites in the country,.....more
 
08/03/2016
Ghana Culture Forum Marks Ghana Culture Day On March 14
The Ghana Culture Forum (GCF) in collaboration with the Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts and a number of partners will...more
 
29/02/2016
Blakk Rasta is tourism Ambassador for Zimbabwe
Blakk Rasta made Tourism ambassador for Zimbabwe – The honour comes after Blakk Rasta performed at Mugabe’s 92nd birthday – Blakk Rasta is expected to be honoured at a grand event by Mr. Mugabe later this weeek...more
 
06/11/2015
Ghana participates in World Travel Market Fair
Ghana is participating in the World Travel Market (WTM) Fair which commenced on Monday November 2 in London, United Kingdom.......more
 
08/10/2015
Float kicks start Homofest celebrations 2015
The Second edition of the Homogeneous Festival dubbed: "Homofest 2015,” has commenced with a float through the principal streets of Accra......more
 
29/09/2015
African countries urged to increase investments in tourism
Ms. Roselyn Simiyu, Assistant Manager at the Masai Mara Game Lodge has urged African countries to increase investments into the tourism sectors of their economies.......more
 
25/09/2015
Ghana to celebrate world tourism day on September 27
Ghana will join the United Nations World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO) member countries to celebrate World Tourism Day on Sunday, September 27.......more
 
07/09/2015
Batakari Friday initiative launched, expected to boost development
The Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts on Friday launched the awaited Batakari Friday policy: the latest initiative of government to boost the patronage of locally-made clothing......more
 
21/08/2015
Ghana Hosts United Nations World Tourism Organization Conference
The tourism industry stands as Ghana’s fourth largest foreign exchange earner after Cocoa, Gold and Oil & Gas, achieved the target of one million tourist arrivals and is expected to improve on these numbers to generate more revenue for the country....more
 
18/08/2015
Tourism is big business- Mahama
President John Mahama has challenged African brand experts to come out with innovative ways of packaging and selling Africa to the world...more
 
14/08/2015
Ghana International Tourism Fair Launched
Raj Multimedia in collaboration with the Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts, has launches the Ghana international Tourism fair with the aim to rejuvenate tourism and recreating the concept of Ghanaian culture Art and others....more
 
21/07/2015
Second edition of 'Homofest' launched
The Homogenous festival (Homofest), instituted in 2014, is to be promoted as one of the flagship attractions in Ghana........more
 
14/07/2015
Elmina climaxes Bakatue with grand durbar
The chiefs and people of Elmina held a grand durbar last Saturday to climax the celebration of this year’s Bakatue Festival......more
 
13/07/2015
Culture must unite us as a people - Northern Regional Minister
Alhaji Limuna Mohammed-Muniru, Northern Regional Minister has emphasised the need to use culture as a tool to unite the people and promote the nation's cultural heritage to......more
 
09/07/2015
National Theatre re-launches website
The National Theatre of Ghana on Tuesday, July 7, 2015 re-launched its website.The purpose of the launch was.......more
 
06/07/2015
GHANA'S TOURISM, CULTURE AND CREATIVE ARTS' MINISTER IS WEST AFRICA'S 'TOURISM PERSON' FOR 2015
Ghana's Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts Minister, Mrs. Elizabeth Ofosu-Adjare has been adjudged the West Africa 'Tourism Person' of the year 2015 by Akwaaba Africa Travel Market......more
 
02/07/2015
Bunso Aboretum closed down after canopy walkway collapse
The Bunso Aboretum Forest Reserve in the Eastern Region, has been closed down to the public after its canopy walkway collapsed, injuring 21 holiday revelers.......more
 
26/06/2015
Ghana Has What It Takes To Enjoy Domestic Tourism – Minister
Mrs Elizabeth Ofosu Adjare, Minister of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts, has said in developing the economy, more investment is needed......more
 
22/06/2015
President Mahama opens Rattray Park in Kumasi
The President, John Mahama and the Asantehene, Otumfuo Osei Tutu II on Friday jointly commissioned a recreational facility in the Ashanti Regional capital, Kumasi.....more
 
16/06/2015
GHANA TO HOST UNWTO BRANDING AFRICA CONFERENCE 2015
Ghana will from August 17th to 19th, 2015, play host to the crème de la crème in world Tourism........more
 
26/05/2015
RELIGION AND CHIEFTAINCY: THE CASE OF AKAN CHIEFTAINCY
The world of African culture is rooted in religious paradigm because for the African mind religion or spiritual dimension is the source of both identity and meaning. This means that religion or spiritual dimension.......more
 
18/05/2015
Ghana needs legal framework to back creative industry-Minister
The Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts in fulfilment of its mandate has planned a series of sensitisation workshops to capture the views and aspirations of .......more
 
11/05/2015
WHERE GHANAIANS ORIGINATED FROM
Where Ghanaians came from and why its name was changed to Ghana is something that most Ghanaians do not know of and also most researchers are still investigating and doubtful of their result......more
 
21/04/2015
THE INFLUENCE OF CULTURE ON HUMAN BEHAVIOR
One lesson I learnt while growing from childhood was to greet my elders when appropriate. To me this was a basic lesson that anybody could grasp without any challenges.......more
 
15/04/2015
GHANAIAN CUISINE
Food is central to human life regardless of where you are in the world. The Ghanaian cuisine is very much influenced by the natural possessions and surroundings of Ghana and by the local climate of the country......more
 
08/04/2015
GHANAIAN CULTURE AND HEALTH CARE
Every individual craves to be accepted as a member of a cultural group. Inevitably, every one belongs to one group or the other and is easily identified as a member of the group when he conforms to a particular way of life.......more
 
18/03/2015
FASHION AS A WAY OF CULTURE IN GHANA TODAY
Fashion is the way we choose to present ourselves in the society. It captures whether or not we choose to be on trend. It is not only influenced by the society and culture of a given place.......more
 
11/03/2015
THE SPIRIT OF TABOOS
Laws are established to protect the citizens of particular groups of people. In other words, laws exist to protect the rights of the members of a society and to ensure that they do not have to protect...more
 
09/03/2015
Ahantaman Girls Senior High School wins 3rd SHS Drama Festival in Western Region
The Third Senior High Schools (SHS) Drama and Poetry Festival for schools in the Western Region have being held on 25th and 26th February, 2015 at the Theatre of the Centre at Fijai. The Drama was on the theme “Unearthing a New Generation of Artistes”...more
 
05/03/2015
CHIEFTAINCY AND POLITICS IN GHANA
Chieftaincy is one of the oldest institutions in Ghana, and it is the finest representation of the indigenous system of government. In pre-colonial times chiefs were the political...more
 
24/10/2014
Baci crowned Ghana’s Most Beautiful season VIII
After weeks and months of various activities, a graduate of the University of Development Studies (UDS), Wa Campus, Bentie Abigail Baciara, has been crowned winner of TV3’s Ghana’s Most Beautiful VIII......more
 
25/10/2007
Kwame Nkrumah misfounded Ghana
THIS essay has been prompted by an introspection of Ghana’s fortunes since independence and the celebration of the Jubilee this year. The writer seeks to answer the question why there appears to be “something missing” somewhere in the scheme of affairs in Ghana’s development....more
 
12/10/2007
DR SUSAN DE-GRAFT JOHNSON – FIRST GOLD COAST FEMALE DOCTOR
Dr (Mrs.) Susan de-Graft Johnson (Nee Ofori-Atta) was one of the three children Nana Sir Ofori-Atta I, the Okyenhene and Paramount Chief of the Akyem Abuakwa Traditional Area, had with Nana Akosua Duodu....more
 
 
   
 
 

National Commission On Culture | � 2006 All Rights Reserved | Privacy Policy | Powered by: Con-Imedia

 
Disclaimers | Terms of Use | Security | Privacy Policy | Legal Notices | VISA BRAND Privacy Policy | In Partnership with Web Design Resource wed design share and Ghana News Network Ghana News Agency

android programs

vpn

download

buy vpn